Natrum muriaticum as an attenuant of NaCl-salinity in basil (Ocimum basilicum L.)
PDF (Español (España))
XML (Español (España))


especies aromáticas
homeopatía agrícola aromatic species
agricultural homeopathy


Soil salinization is a limiting factor for the development of agriculture, particularly in arid and semi-arid areas where production is reduced in aromatic species sensitive to saline stress. Homeopathy is a branch of alternative medicine with progressive application in humans, animals and plants. The objective was to use the homeopathic medicine Natrum muriaticum (obtained from sea salt) as an extenuating of the NaCl-stress effects on the growth and development of hydroponic basil (Ocimum basilicum L.). A completely randomized design with factorial arrangement (2A × 2B × 3C) was used, considering the Napoletano and Emily varieties as factor A, the concentration of NaCl (0 and 75 mM) as factor B and the homeopathic treatment (7CH and 13CH Natrum muriaticum) as factor C, with a total of 12 treatments with four replications. Stem and root length, leaf area, fresh and dry root biomass, fresh and dry aerial biomass were evaluated. Analysis of variance and multiple comparisons of means (Tukey HSD p≤0.05) were done. The results show that the application of both homeopathic dynamics (7CH and 13CH) led to an increase in the morphometric variables evaluated; however, the application of Natrum muriaticum 7CH increased the values of the variables evaluated in Napoletano. The Similia Similibus Curentur homoeopathic principle is confirmed and it is estimated that agricultural homeopathy will increase the production of Ocimum basilicum L., increasing its tolerance to abiotic stress conditions, as well as being compatible with traditional, ecological and organic agriculture.
PDF (Español (España))
XML (Español (España))


Batista Sánchez, D., B. Murillo Amador, A. Nieto Garibay, L. Alcaraz Meléndez, E. Troyo Diéguez, L. Hernández Montiel y C. M. Ojeda Silvera. (2017). Mitigación de NaCl por efecto de un bioestimulante en la germinación de Ocimum basilicum L. Terra Latinoamericana. 35: 309-320.

Batista-Sánchez, D., A. Nieto-Garibay, L. Alcaraz-Meléndez, E. Troyo-Diéguez, L. G. Hernández-Montiel, C. M. Ojeda -Silvera y B. Murillo-Amador. (2015). Uso del FitoMas-E® como atenuante del estrés salino (NaCl) durante la emergencia y crecimiento inicial de Ocimum basilicum L. Nova Scientia. 15: 266-284.

Dai-Yin, C., Dilkes, B., Luo, H., Douglas, A., Yakubova, E., Lahner, B. and Salt, D.E. (2013). Polyploids exhibit higher potassium uptake and salinity tolerance in Arabidopsis. Science. 341:658-659.

Degl’Innocenti, E., Kaddour, R., Guidi, L., Lachaa, M., Navari-Izzo, F. and Ouerghi, Z. (2012). Effects of NaCl or Na2SO4 salinity on plant growth, ion content and photosynthetic activity in Ocimum basilicum L. Acta Physiol Plant. 34:607-617.

Fereres, E. and Soriano, Ma. A. (2007). Deficit irrigation for reducing agricultural water use. J. Exp. Bot. 58:147-159.

Finkel, E. (2009). With phenomics, plant scientists hope to shift breeding into overdrive. Science. 325:380-381.

Frahm, M. A., J. C. Rosas, N. Mayek, and E. López. (2004). Breeding beans for resistance to terminal drought in the lowland tropics. Euphytica 136: 223-232.

Ghulam-Abbas, Muhammad-Saqib, Javaid-Akhtar, and Muhammad Anwar ul Haq (2015). Interactive effects of salinity and iron deficiency on different rice genotypes. J. Plant Nutr. Soil Sci. 178:306-311.

Giardini-Bonfim, F. P., V. W. Dias-Casali, and E. Ronie-Martins. (2012). Germinacão e vigor de sementes de tomate (Lycopersicon esculentum Mill,) peletizadas com preparados homeopáticos de Natrum muriaticum, submetidas a estresse salino. Enciclopédia Biosfera, Centro Científico Conhecer-Goiânia. 8(14):625-633.

Gonçalves dos Santos M; A. C. Gonçalves Jr.; D. L. Briesch Junior; D. Schwantes; M. A. Campagnolo; G. Ferreira Coelho; A. A. Parizotto; J. Zimmermann e M. Vargas de Toledo (2016). Utilizacão de medicamentos homeópaticos para remediacão de solos contaminados por metáis tóxicos. Journal of Agronomic Sciences, Umuarama. 5:26-45.

Heidari, M. and A. Golpayegani. (2012). Effects of water stress and inoculation with plant growth promoting rhizobacteria (PGPR) on antioxidant status and photosynthetic pigments in basil (Ocimum basilicum L.). J. Saudi Soc. Agric. Sci. 11:57-61.

Hojjat- Nooghi F. y Mozafari V. (2012). Effects of calcium on eliminating the negative effects of salinity in pistachio (Pistacia vera L.) seedlings. Australian Journal of Crop Science. AJCS. 6(4): 711-716.

Kamel-Hessini, S. Ferchichi, S. Ben Youssef, K. Hans Werner, C. Cruz, and M. Gandour. (2015). How does salinity duration affect growth and productivity of cultivated barley? Agron. J. 107:174-180.

Kandil, A. A, A. E. Shareif, and M. A. Gad. (2017). Effect of salinity on germination and seeding parameters of forage cowpea seed. Res. J. Seed Sci. 10:17-26.

Khaliq, S., Ullah, Z., Rehman, A., Khaliq, R. (2014). Physiological and biochemical basis of salt tolerance in Ocimun basilicum L. Journal of Medicinal Plants Studies. 2:18-27.

Lippert, M.A.M.; Bonato, C.M.; Mizote, A.T. (2007). Efeito do medicamento homeopático Sulphur e de suas dinamizações na germinação e no crescimento de sorgo (Sorghum bicolor L. Moench). Arq Mudi. 1(11):81-91.

Mazón-Suástegui JM, García-Bernal M, Saucedo PE, Campa-Córdova Á, Abasolo-Pacheco F. (2017) Homeopathy outperforms antibiotics treatment in juvenile scallop Argopecten ventricosus: effects on growth, survival, and immune response. Homeopathy; 106(1):18-26.

Murillo-Amador, B., Yamada, S., Yamaguchi, T., Rueda-Puente, E., Ávila-Serrano, N., García-Hernández, J.L, López-Aguilar, R., Troyo-Diéguez, E. and Nieto-Garibay, A. (2007). Influence of calcium silicate on growth, physiological parameters and mineral nutrition in two legume species under salt stress. Journal Agronomy Crop Science. 193:413-421.

Narváez-Martínez E. C., Henry Alfredo Toro P., Jean Alexander León-Guevara, Tito Bacca. (2014). Evaluación de soluciones homeopáticas para controlar Neoleucinodes elegantalis guenée (Lepidóptera: Crambidae) en cultivo de Lulo. Biotecnología en el Sector Agropecuario y Agroindustrial. 12(1):115-123.

Nieto-Garibay, A.; Murillo-Amador, B.; Troyo-Diéguez, E.; García-Hernández, J. L. and Ruíz-Espinoza, F. H. (2010). Water stress in two capsicum species with different domestication grade. Tropical and Subtropical Agroecosystems. 12:353-360.

Ojeda-Silvera, C.M., Murillo-Amador, B., Nieto-Garibay, A., Troyo-Diéguez, E., Reynaldo-Escobar, M.I., Ruíz-Espinoza, F.H., García-Hernández, J.L. (2015). Emergencia y crecimiento de plántulas de variedades de albahaca (Ocimum basilicum L.) sometidas a estrés hídrico. Ecosistemas y Recursos Agropecuarios. 2:151-160.

Ortiz-Cornejo NL, Tovar-Ramírez D, Abasolo-Pacheco F, Mazón-Suástegui JM. Homeopatía, una alternativa para la acuicultura. Rev Med Homeopat 2017; 10(1): 18-24.

Pinto J. G, Nilbe Carla Mapeli, Cassiano Cremon, Elvis Frazão da Silva (2014). Germinação e crescimento inicial de mangaba (Hancornia speciosa Gomes) em função de preparados homeopáticos Carbo vegetabilis e dias após o despolpamento para semeadura. Revista Agrarian, Dourados, 7(24):244-250.

Reyes-Pérez, J.J., Murillo-Amador, B., Nieto-Garibay, A., Troyo-Diéguez, E., Reynaldo-Escobar, M.I., Rueda-Puente, E.O., García-Hernández, J.L. (2013a). Tolerancia a la salinidad en variedades de albahaca (Ocimum basilicum L.) en las etapas de germinación, emergencia y crecimiento inicial. Universidad y Ciencia. 2:101-112.

Reyes-Pérez, J.J., Murillo-Amador, B., Nieto-Garibay, A., Troyo-Diéguez, E., Reynaldo-Escobar, M.I., Rueda-Puente, E.O. (2013b). Germinación y características de plántulas de variedades de albahaca (Ocimum basilicum L.) sometidas a estrés salino. Revista Mexicana de Ciencias Agrícolas. 6:869-880.

Reyes-Pérez, J.J., Murillo-Amador, B., Nieto-Garibay, A., Troyo-Diéguez, E., Reynaldo-Escobar, M.I., Rueda-Puente, E.O. (2014). Crecimiento y desarrollo de variedades de albahaca (Ocimum basilicum L.) en condiciones de salinidad. Revista Terra Latinoamericana. 1:35-45.

Robabeh Asghari and Rahim Ahmadvand (2018). Salinity Stress and its impact on Morpho-Physiological Characteristics of Aloe Vera. Pertanika J. Tropical Agricultural Science. 41 (1): 411 - 422.

Ruiz Espinosa Felipe (2001). Agrohomeopatía: una opción ecológica para el campo mexicano. La Homeopatía de México. 70(613):110-116.

Samperio, R.G. (1997). Hidroponía Básica. Editorial Diana. 176 p.

StatSoft Inc (2011). Statistica. System reference. StatSoft, Inc. Tulsa, OK, USA.

Tarchoune, I., C. Sgherri, B. Baâtour, R. Izzo, M. Lachaâl, F. NavariIzzo, and Z. Ouerghi (2013). Effects of oxidative stress caused by NaCl or Na2 SO4 excess on lipoic acid and tocopherols in Genovese and Fine basil (Ocimum basilicum L.) Annal. Appl. Biol. 163:23-32.

Tester, M., Langridge, P. (2010). Breeding technologies to increase crop production in a changing world. Science. 327:818-822.

Xiao, J. X, Hu, C. Y, Chen, Y. Y, Yang, B, and Hua, J. (2014). Effects of low magnesium and an arbuscular mycorrhizal fungus on the growth, magnesium distribution and photosynthesis of two citrus cultivars. Scientia Horticulturae, 177, 14-20.

Zahra-Rahneshan, Fatemeh-Nasibi and Ahmadi-Moghadam A. (2018). Effects of salinity stress on some growth, physiological, biochemical parameters and nutrients in two pistachio (Pistacia vera L.) rootstocks. Journal of Plant Interactions. 13 (1): 73-82.

Zhu, J. K. (2002). Salt and drought stress signal transduction in plants. Annual Review in Plant Bioloby, 53: 247-273.